EUSA

Internship Guide – Industry Examples

Consult this section before your initial consultation with your Placement Manager.  When doing so, please bear in mind that Placement Managers cannot guarantee the exact duties an employer will ask you to undertake.

The following are examples of internships in various fields in Dublin which give ideas as to what you might do in an internship in these areas.  It is by no means a definitive list of the tasks you may undertake in an internship in any of these fields, but should be seen as a guide only.

  • Non-Profit/Non-Governmental Organizations
  • Party Politics
  • Law
  • Advertising
  • Marketing
  • Public Relations
  • Journalism
  • Financial Services
  • Business
  • Arts Organization
  • Theatre
  • Film & Television Production
  • Healthcare & Psychology
  • Occupational & Physical Therapy

Not-For-Profit/Non-Governmental Organization sector

What is not-for-profit organization or NGO?

These organizations generally work in social, political and economic spheres that are not part of governments or political parties. They can be focused locally, nationally or internationally and include political consultancies, lobbying or research organizations or charities.

Types of Not-For-Profit/Non-Governmental Organizations:

There are many types of organizations that could be considered to fall within the definition of Not-For-Profit/Non-Governmental Organization.  Broadly speaking, these can be broken down into the following main categories:

Socially-focused Orgs:

  • Human rights
  • Environment
  • Health and poverty
  • Women’s issues
  • Race issues
  • Youth advocacy
  • Community-based projects
  • Politically/Economically-focused organizations
  • Policy research/development
  • Political lobbying
  • Political consultancy
  • Public affairs
  • Electoral issues
  • Economic research

Possible duties in Non-Party Politics include:

  • Research
  • Event planning
  • Compiling data
  • Attending/organizing meetings
  • Fundraising
  • Writing briefs
  • Marketing/PR
  • Campaigning
  • General administrative duties

Points to think about for the initial consultation with a Placement Manager:

  • What issues interest you?
  • Do you want an organization that focuses on local, national or international issues?
  • What is your political persuasion?  Left or right of centre?
  • What type of work are you hoping for? e.g. research, policy work, fundraising, event planning, raising awareness, marketing, lobbying, campaigning etc.

Party Politics

What is Party Politics?

As one would suppose, a placement in party politics means working for one of the political parties in Ireland. The work is typically based in the party headquarters in Dublin, with some opportunities to spend time in constituency offices and the Dáil (Irish parliament).

Types of Party Politics placements:

For most of the history of the Irish state, party politics were dominated by Fianna Fail and Fine Gael, both center right parties. In recent years, neither party has had enough support to form a government, leading to more influence for smaller parties such as Labour, the Green Party, and Sinn Fein, as well as a handful of independents.

While most placements will take place with Fianna Fail, Fine Gael and the Green Party, we have worked with the other smaller parties as well.  Please take some time to familiarize yourself with Ireland’s political parties if you are seeking an internship in this area.  The system is very different to the USA.

Typical duties in Party Politics include:

  • Research
  • Attending meetings
  • Writing letters
  • Event planning
  • Canvassing
  • General administrative duties

Points to think about for the initial consultation with a Placement Manager:

  • Which party do you want to work for?
  • Would you like a central office role or with a constituency office?
  • Do you have any political experience?

Law

What is Law?

Law is the set of customs, statutes, or rules that govern a society. The legal profession exists in many forms to interpret laws, defend and prosecute those who are accused of violating the law, and to administer any number of legal procedures necessary for individuals and organizations to operate within the law.

Types of Law placements:

The legal profession is varied in the types of law that one can focus on. Most placements on the program are undertaken in the following areas:

  • Criminal Law – Criminal law firms work to defend clients in cases ranging from shoplifting to murder. Placements often take place in firms supported by legal aid, defending clients who cannot afford to be defended by private firms.
  • Civil Law – Civil law firms focus on laws pertaining to non-criminal matters, including housing, immigration, family matters, wills and probate, personal injury, and employment, among others.
  • Corporate Law – Corporate law can focus on a wide-range of legal matters pertaining to how a company can operate but often deals with contracts between a given company and other outside organizations, governments or individuals. Corporate law placements can take place either in-house where you will be working specifically for the given company, or within a corporate law firm dealing with multiple clients. Corporate law placements tend to be office-based, with little chance of going into a courtroom. Corporate law placements are highly competitive and cannot be guaranteed.
  • Human Rights Law – Human rights law tends to take place within the context of NGOs and social justice organizations dedicated to a particular area of law reform (eg disability rights or immigration law reform). These are heavily research based placements.

Possible duties in Law include:

  • Attending court (criminal & civil only)
  • Client interviews
  • Police station visits (criminal only)
  • Report writing
  • Transcribing tapes/videos
  • Reviewing contracts (corporate)
  • Research
  • General administrative duties

Points to think about for the initial consultation with a Placement Manager:

  • What type of law are you interested in?
  • Have you had any legal work experience?
  • Within the corporate law field, in particular, we cannot guarantee first choices. Please come prepared with alternative ideas.
  • You may be asked to sign a confidentiality agreement by the company at any of the above types of law placements

Advertising

Types of Advertising positions:

  • Account handling – Planning, developing and directing advertising efforts for a particular brand/client, analyzing markets, competitors, consumer behaviour, advertising performance and buying trends to help agency understand the direction to move with client/brand campaign. Working with the account manager to facilitate the relationship between client and agency.
  • Media planning/buying - Understanding how media work, as well as how to plan and execute media decisions that are carefully co-ordinated with overall marketing goals and other communication efforts. Understanding how to evaluate the media contribution to a campaign’s effectiveness.
  • Creative - Primarily takes two roles - copywriter and art director who work together to devise ideas that develop into ads - be they press, TV, web, radio, etc. PLEASE NOTE: A CREATIVE PLACEMENT WILL DEPEND ON THE QUALITY OF YOUR PORTFOLIO.

Possible duties involved in Advertising include:

  • Research and analysis (clients and/or competitors)
  • Spreadsheet and data entry and PowerPoint presentations
  • Brainstorming sessions
  • Monitoring focus groups
  • Product launches
  • Event planning
  • Client meetings
  • General administrative duties

Points to think about for the initial consultation with a Placement Manager:

  • Which area of advertising are you interested in?
  • What previous experience have you had?
  • Do you mind the size of the company or agency?
  • Within the advertising field, in particular, we cannot guarantee first choices. Please come prepared with alternative ideas.

Marketing

What is Marketing?

Marketing is the wide range of activities involved in making sure that a company is continuing to meet the needs of its customers and getting value in return. These activities include market research to find out, for example, what groups of potential customers exist, what their needs are, which of those needs the company can meet, how they should meet them, etc.

Marketing also includes analyzing the competition, positioning its new product or service (finding the company’s market niche), pricing its products and services, and promoting them through continued advertising, promotions, public relations and sales.

Types of Marketing positions:

Marketing can cover a range of opportunities, including:

  • Direct marketing - reaching target audiences directly through telemarketing, print and broadcast media, e-mails etc.
  • Business to business marketing - marketing for commercial or business purposes.
  • Sales and sales management - dealing directly with the client to understand their needs.
  • Market research - providing information about the consumers, the marketing environment and the competition needed for decision-making.

Placements within marketing will generally be in-house, within one specific company and will be run out of their offices. The work will be focused solely on that company and will be industry-specific. We do occasionally have placements in marketing agencies, and these tend to deal with many clients and are split into teams that deal with different sectors. For example: corporate, political, technology, consumer, lifestyle, business to business, entertainment (music, film, TV), non-profit etc.

Possible duties involved in Marketing include:

  • Research and analysis (clients and/or competitors)
  • Spreadsheet and data entry
  • Brainstorming sessions
  • Product launches
  • General administrative duties

Points to think about for the initial consultation with a Placement Manager:

  • Which area of Marketing are you interested in?
  • What previous experience have you had?
  • Do you mind the size of the company or agency?
  • What type of industry would you like to be working in? While we cannot guarantee specific industries, we will try our best to find a good fit.

Public Relations

What is Public Relations?

Public Relations is about reputation - the result of what you do, what you say and what others say about you. Public Relations is the discipline which looks after reputation, with the aim of earning understanding and support and influencing opinion and behaviour. It is the planned and sustained effort to establish and maintain goodwill and mutual understanding between an organization and its public.

Types of Public Relations employers:

Public relations takes many forms in different organizations and comes under many titles, including public information, investor relations, public affairs, corporate communication, marketing or customer relations. To add to all the confusion, not all of these titles relate accurately to public relations, but all of them cover at least part of the public relations field.

PR placements will generally be either in-house or agency work. In-house will be within one specific company and will be run out of their offices; the majority of in-house PR placements in Dublin tend to be with not-for-profit organizations. The work will be focused solely on that organization and will be industry-specific. Agencies, on the other hand, tend to deal with many clients and are split into teams that deal with different sectors. For example: corporate, political, technology, consumer, lifestyle, business to business, entertainment (music, film, TV), non-profit etc.

Possible duties involved in Public Relations include:

    • Writing/editing (press releases, articles, speeches, etc)
    • Media relations (liaising with journalists, following up press releases)
    • Press clippings (following the newspapers for client/company)
    • Event planning
    • Research (client and/or competitors)
    • Preparing press packs
    • General administrative duties

Points to think about for the initial consultation with a Placement Advisor:

  • Do you want agency or in-house PR?
  • Is the size of the company or agency important to you?
  • What industry/sector would you like to work in? While we cannot guarantee specific industries, we will try our best to find a good fit.

Journalism

What is Journalism?

Journalism consists of publishing or broadcasting news and information, as well as special interest feature writing and reviews of creative works. Journalists spend much of their time researching, writing, laying out and editing pieces for print or broadcast.

Types of Journalism placements:

While some students may wish to focus on news and features on a newspaper, good experience can be gained in other areas such as journals and industry newsletters as well. Bear in mind that if you want to get clips (writing experience), you may need to be flexible about the type of publication you work on. For example, smaller local papers will likely have more opportunities for this than the large national publications.

Magazines are another popular area for journalism placements. Think about your area of interest for the magazine you want. We’ve had students at magazines for music and entertainment (listings and otherwise), food and travel and reviews as well as special interests such as poetry and healthy living. You might also wish to consider placements with E-zines and websites, which are becoming more prevalent in the field.

Possible duties involved in Journalism include:

  • Research
  • Photo shoot work
  • Writing features or reviews
  • Editing event listings
  • Web-based work
  • Scanning
  • Conducting interviews
  • Public relations
  • Copy editing
  • General administrative duties
  • Layout design

Points to think about for the initial consultation with a Placement Manager:

  • Do you want a writing, layout or research role?
  • Is the working environment more important than the journalism duties you are given?
  • What size and type of publication do you want experience with?
  • Is there a particular industry/field of interest you would like to work in?
  • What previous experience have you had?
  • Do you have a portfolio or previous clips?

Financial Services

What is Financial Services?

Dublin’s financial services industry has achieved global prominence in the last twenty years. The IFSC alone employs 14,000 people. While most of the major international banks and accounting firms have offices here, most of the work undertaken here is back office support for the major operations in Dublin. In addition to the banks themselves, other areas involved in financial services may include investment and fund management firms, venture capital firms, economic and financial publications, tax advisory companies and private equity research firms to name a few.

  • Financial Services internships are limited and will depend on the student’s experience, academic credentials and number of internships available.
  • Internships within mergers and acquisitions (M&A), corporate finance, capital markets and sales and trading are extremely competitive to secure and may not consider short-term internships or undergraduate students.
  • Most banking internships will be either back office or middle office (i.e. the supporting role within the bank) as opposed to front office internships (i.e. the revenue-generating divisions)
  • Financial Services students MUST be flexible, particularly in light of the enormous cutbacks within the entre financial services industry. While the Internship Team will make every effort to match you with your desired position, not all positions will be available or attainable. Any opportunity within this industry will give you valuable exposure to the field that you can build upon in the future.
  • Financial Services students MUST have Excel skills. This is a pre-requisite for most positions in this field. Ideally you should have PowerPoint, Word and Access too.

The following areas of focus are ones where we typically have had interns in the past:

  • Asset Management
  • Treasury and Foreign Exchange
  • Bond Research
  • Operations and Technology
  • Debt Capital Markets
  • Credit and Risk
  • Compliance
  • Global Compliance
  • Business Management
  • Hedge Fund Administration
  • Accounting

Points to think about for the initial consultation with a Placement Manager:

  • What previous experience have you had? Certain fields such as investments and asset management are extremely competitive.
  • What area of financial services interests you?
  • How strong are your computer skills, particularly Excel?
  • Within the banking field, in particular, we cannot guarantee first choices. Please come prepared with alternative ideas.

Business (including company finance & accounting)

What is Business?

This may be answered simply by the term “activity”. Commercial business is a human activity involving exchange for wealth and satisfaction of both parties involved. Or as Andre Maurois once wrote, “Business is a combination of war and sport.”

Types of Business placements:

Business placements can cover a wide variety of areas including, but not limited to, accounting, company finance, customer relations management, economic and equity research, forecasting, fundraising, human resources, investor relations, marketing, non-profit administration, management, operations, etc.

Business placements are generally in-house and industry specific. We have had students in placements in most areas of business and in most industries.

While you may have heard that many “big name” multinational companies are headquartered in Ireland or have large operations here, they are not all based in Dublin or in a part of Dublin which is accessible by public transportation (particularly true of the pharmaceutical and high tech sectors). Other large companies only accept interns for a minimum of six months through their own application process.  While there are opportunities available with several multinationals, please be flexible and do not pin your hopes on one particular company.

Possible duties involved in Business/Company Finance/Accounting include:

  • Research and analysis
  • Attending meetings
  • Spreadsheet data entry
  • Invoicing
  • Examining balance sheets
  • Accounting
  • Cash-flow statements
  • Administrative tasks
  • Daily, weekly and monthly reports

Points to think about for the initial consultation with a Placement Manager:

  • What sector/industry would you like to work in? While we cannot guarantee specific industries, we will try our best to find a good fit.
  • What area of the company would you like to work in (i.e. operations, accounting)?
  • How strong are your computer skills, particularly Excel?
  • What previous experience have you had?

Arts Organizations

What is an Arts Organization?

Art organizations include museums, galleries, and organizations that display, sell, design, preserve, restore or help promote art and literature in its various forms.

Types of Arts venues:

The numbers of positions and organizations in this sector in Dublin are varied and include although are not limited to the following:

  • Galleries (Commercial or Private)
  • Photography
  • Museums
  • Arts Libraries
  • Literary Organizations
  • Arts Education
  • Arts Funding
  • Arts Administration
  • Historical Organizations
  • Art Trusts
  • Arts Workshops
  • Manuscripts/Archives Work
  • Community Arts projects

Possible Duties in Arts Placements Include:

  • Helping set up exhibitions
  • Marketing
  • Cataloguing works of art
  • Press releases
  • Artist & Client Liaison
  • Event organizing
  • Research & compiling data
  • Attending/organizing meetings
  • Fundraising and development
  • Database work
  • Public relations
  • General administrative duties

Points to think about for the initial consultation with a Placement Manager:

  • What kind of venue are you interested in? (i.e. arts administration, galleries, museums, etc)
  • Do you have a particular preference regarding period of art, type of literature, genre, etc?
  • Do you have a preference on the size of the gallery/museum/organization?

Theatre

What is Theatre?

Theatre and the Performing Arts are a prized part of Ireland cultural heritage. Dublin has a vibrant theatre community of smaller production companies working on anything from big crowd pleasers to small avant garde productions.

Types of Theatres:

Dublin has just three well-known, larger theatres: the Gaiety, the Gate, and the Abbey (officially known as the National Theatre). Most productions in these theatres (with possibly the exception of the Abbey and the Gate) are mounted by outside production companies, using the theatre itself as a venue. The real action is actually going on in the more avant garde arts centres and newer performing arts complexes.

Students interested in the more creative aspects of theatrical production will most likely be placed with a production company or a smaller theatre or arts centre. Please note that this means you may spend a lot of time in the production company’s office and rehearsal space rather than a theatre building.

Possible duties involved in Theatre placements include:

  • Publicity
  • Production
  • Box office
  • Theatre education
  • Event planning/fundraising
  • Design (lighting, costume etc.)
  • Casting
  • Theatre workshops
  • Festivals
  • General administrative duties
  • Stage management/prop master

Points to think about for the initial consultation with a Placement Manager:

  • What area of performing arts are you interested in? (i.e. theatre, music, dance, etc)
  • In which areas do your interests lie? (i.e. production, technical work, administration, PR, marketing, casting etc.)
  • Please note that production placements, including working with actors, can be difficult to obtain for short-term placements so for these please also have in mind a couple of alternative options to search.
  • Acting is not an option.

Film and Television Production

What is Film and Television Production?

Although distinct from one another, production placements in film and television do share many common characteristics. Both are primarily based with small, independent production companies that are contracted to produce programming for the major television outlets or commissioned to make feature films.

The Irish film and television industries are very small compared to their U.S. counterparts and placements in production - i.e. on set - are difficult to find and impossible for us to guarantee due to the relatively remote chance of a film being shot in Dublin at the time of your placement.

If you are interested in a production-based placement, your chances of being offered this will be better if you are flexible about working in either film or television, and not exclusive to one or the other. Again, however, both are impossible to guarantee.

Types of Film and Television Production placements:

  • Feature Productions – these are generally productions for either the big screen (film) or television programming commissioned by one of the main TV networks. This can also include factual programming for television, such as pre-taped DIY or cooking programmes. There are three possible areas of production work for features:
  • Pre-production – this is the development phase of production and will include tasks such as script reading, writing draft proposals, research, office administration and attending production planning meetings. This is the most commonly available type of placement each term.
  • In-Production – this will be working on set for a current production and could include any type of work that is needed by the Managers, from playing an integral role on the shoot to running (getting whatever is needed for whomever needs it). Students should be aware that we cannot guarantee what kind of work you would be doing in a production, as this will depend on many factors, particularly on the Manager for the given shoot.

Students wanting in-production placements must also be aware that production companies often do not know what shoots will be coming up during the period of their placement, and that often the shoot schedule will only be known days in advance. Such students will need to be prepared for the placement to consist of primarily pre-production activities as listed above until such time as a shoot becomes scheduled. Again, there will be no way for the placement team to guarantee such a schedule.

  • Post-production – this will be working with the primarily technical aspects of post-shooting activities such as editing. Students interested in this area should have an interest or experience with AVID or FinalCutPro

Possible duties involved in Film and Television Production include:

  • Running
  • Casting
  • Transcribing tapes
  • Editing
  • Logging tapes
  • Research
  • Photocopying
  • Script reading
  • Answering phones
  • Writing script reports
  • General administrative duties
  • Writing pitch summaries

Points to think about for the initial consultation with a Placement Manager:

  • Are you interested in film or television, or are you flexible?
  • Which stage of production are you most interested in?
  • Have you had experience in film or television production?
  • Please remember that most production companies in Dublin are small, and that in-production placements are difficult to guarantee. Please therefore be flexible and have some alternative choices in mind if these are your first preferences.

Health Care & Psychology

What is Health Care & Psychology?

We use this category to describe work involving anything from clinical medical placements to social psychology research. Any placement involving contact with a “vulnerable” population (children, the elderly, the disabled, the physically or mentally ill) is contingent upon a student’s previous experience and maturity as well as providing necessary police background checks from both their home state and the state where they regularly attend college.  We ask that students have a suitable second choice as we cannot always guarantee placements with direct patient/client access. Private practice counselling placements are NOT a possibility.

Types of Health Care & Psychology placements:

The types of positions, organizations and placements in this field vary greatly. Students wanting to undertake a placement in health care and psychology should think about the kind of issues, settings and age groups that are of interest. Past placements include, but have not been limited to, the following broad areas and settings:

  • Specific units in hospitals (labs, physio departments, etc)
  • Hotlines directed at specific issues/groups
  • (e.g., bullying, gay youth)
  • Outpatient clinics and family medical practices
  • Residential treatment centres
  • Research and policy
  • Clinical research
  • Psychiatric facilities
  • Hospitals
  • Special needs
  • Autism

Possible duties in Health Care & Psychology include:

  • Assisting activity co-ordinator or hospital play specialist organize programs
  • Classroom assistant duties
  • Developing and maintaining training packs, information leaflets, libraries of equipment and other tasks necessary to the efficient running of the service.
  • Attending and observing a group therapy session.
  • Attending and observing assessment of individuals and groups
  • Assisting with fundraising activities
  • General administrative duties

Points to think about for the initial consultation with a Placement Manager:

  • Do you have a preference regarding the age group you would be working with?
  • What area of health care and psychology issues are you interested in? (i.e.  particular specialties,mental/physical illnesses, developmental or abnormal psychology, etc)
  • What type of environment would you prefer? (i.e. hospitals, schools, hotlines, psych wards, treatment centres, etc)
  • What previous experience have you had?
  • Some placements within this field can be very stressful and traumatic. It is important to consider the level of stress you are able to cope with. Please let the Placement Manager know this at your interview.
  • All clinical and psychiatric placements and particularly those within hospitals are limited, so please consider several alternative choices.
  • While we cannot guarantee specific industries, we will try our best to find a good fit.

All students interested in health care and psychology placements must have a police background check.

 

Occupational & Physical Therapy

What are Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy?

Occupational therapy is the use of purposeful activity or interventions designed to promote health, prevent injury or disability, and to improve, sustain or restore the highest possible level of independence of any individual who has an injury, illness, cognitive impairment, psychosocial dysfunction, mental illness, developmental or learning disability, physical disability, or other disorder or condition. It includes assessment by means of skilled observation or evaluation through the administration and interpretation of standardised or non-standardised tests and measurements.

Physical Therapy is a direct form of professional patient care that can be applied in most disciplines of medicine. It provides a hands-on component, which can partner with physicians who have medical expertise in neurology, neurosurgery, orthopaedics, general surgery, family practice, paediatrics, geriatrics, rheumatology, internal medicine, urology, cardiovascular medicine, cardiopulmonary medicine, psychiatry, and sports medicine.

Types of Occupational/Physical Therapy Placements:

  • Play Therapy - The use of play situations in a therapeutic setting.
  • Special Education - A sub division of psychology concerned with theories and problems in education. Generally looks at the application of principles of learning to the classroom, curriculum development and reform, testing and evaluation of aptitudes and abilities, socialisation processes and their interaction with cognitive function.
  • Physio Specialities - Including neurology, orthopaedics, elderly medicine, paediatrics, and many more.
  • Rehabilitation units – Which involve working with neurological patients and again looking at possible therapeutic methods or treatments that can be applied.
  • Possible duties in Occupational/Physical Therapy placements include:
  • Observation of therapy sessions
  • Assisting with all physiotherapy activities and the running of physiotherapy groups and moving and handling of patients including hydrotherapy etc
  • Interviewing patients
  • Assessing patients under supervision
  • Report writing
  • Attending various therapy groups, participating in-group activities.
  • Working in the care from admission through to discharge, utilising assessment, planning, implementation and evaluation skills.

Points to think about for the initial consultation with a Placement Manager:

  • Do you have a preference of age group of the clients you would be working with?
  • What area are you interested in? (i.e. P/T, O/T, speech therapy, play therapy)
  • What level of injury or disability would you like to work with?
  • What previous experience have you had?
  • If interested in psychology placements you must have a police background check
  • Please note that generally speaking placements in OT & PT will only be obtainable for students who are majoring in one of these areas.

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